Volume 3 : Issue 3, September 2013

Table of Contents, 15 Sept 2013

Research Title/ Field

Article (Abstract)


The Study of Relationship between Profitability Ratio and Critical Success Factors in Active Companies in FMCG Industry of Tehran Stock Exchange

Original Research, C11

Daneshvar A. Hasanpour E. and Rahgozar H.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 3(3): 173-177, 2013

ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study is determining the relationship between profitability ratio and critical success factors in active companies in FMCG industry of Tehran. The research type is survey instrument and research population are consisted of shopkeepers and consumers of FMCG companies. The sample size according to Morgan table is 195 for shopkeepers and 400 for consumers. The tool of this research is questionnaire of companies’ critical success factors. We consult thesis and consulting advisor and also experts to evaluate questionaries’ validity. We used Cronbach’s Alpha model to evaluate questionaries’ reliability. The Cronbach’s Alpha coefficient was earned 0.73 in questionnaires’, therefore the mentioned questionnaires could be said to have enough validity and reliability. The results show that there is a meaningful relationship between profitability ratio and critical success factors in FMCG industry in stock exchange.
Keywords: Critical Success Factors, Profitability Ratio, FMCG Industry, Stock Exchange


The Role of Teaching Persian Conversation Program in Educational Success of Non-Persian Adult learners in Iran

Original Research, C12

Rahiminezhad V. Mokhatab M. and Toorani H.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 3(3): 178-184, 2013

ABSTRACT: This article is based on a research entitled"ّA study on the role of Teaching Persian Conversation Program (TPCP) on the educational success of non- Persian adult speakers." The aim is to determine the success rate of TPCP, and investigating the attitudes of adult educators and supervisors in the necessity of operating TPCP for adult learners. The methodology of this study is survey and ex post facto method by the use of experimental and control groups. Statistical population is adult learners in primary courses in the east and west Azerbaijan, Ardebil and Zanjan in Iran. Sampling size is 1588 learners from 148 classes selected randomly. The collecting tools are closed and opened questioner, pre- test, post-test, and final test. Frequency, percentage and adjust value have been used to analyze data. The most important results are: The number of passed adult learners of experimental-group in comparison to control- group has increased. -Presented views towards characteristics and tools of TPCP show that all are suitable teaching tools and the only slight problems exist in the choice of words, sentences, methods of teaching contents, and non colorful pictures in tablets.
Keywords: Adult Learners, Bilingualism, Curriculum, Persian Conversation, Educational Success, Non- Persian Speakers


 A survey on the Existing skills of High School Principals in Boostan and Golestan Towns Regarding Educational Supervision and Guidance.

Original Research, C13

Manavipour D. Lotfi Mohammadabadi N. and Lotfi Mohammadabadi A.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 3(3): 185-190, 2013

ABSTRACT: The present study is aimed at review the existing skills within high school principals from Boostan and Golestan towns in relation with educational supervision and guidance. The current investigation is a descriptive- survey study in terms of nature and type. However, whereas conducting of this project is intended to adopt this plan to improve process of educational supervision and guidance, so it can be typically considered as applied research. In this study, statistical population comprises of all high school teachers from Boostan and Golestan towns within academic year 2010-11 that were totally 1047 where sample size has been determined as 278 participants by means of Morgan’s table. Cluster sampling method was used for this purpose. High schools in these regions are measurement units and they were randomly selected with totally 8 high schools among of which 4 high schools were located in Boostan and the rest 4 high schools situated in Golestan town. Among totally 8 high schools, 4 were selected from girls’ high schools and 4 of them were of boys’ high schools. To identify validation of questionnaire in this study, Internal Consistency Method and Cronbach’s Alpha Coefficient have been utilized and total value of Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was observed as 0.750 in this questionnaire. Data came from this study have been investigated in two parts i.e. descriptive statistics including frequency distribution, mean and standard deviation and in inferential statistics by means of Two- Way ANOVA and Tukey’s test. According to the given results from ANOVA and review the high school principals’ skills from Boostan and Golestan towns, in ...
High School Principals, Curriculum, Supervision and Guidance


The Role of Management Information Systems (MIS) to Increase Productivity in the Workforce (Case Study of Iran)

Original Research, C14

Barzegar N. Araghieh A. and Asgarani M.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 3(3): 191-194, 2013

ABSTRACT: One of the most important goals in any organization is increasing work force productivity. Information systems, Systems are the responsibility of their data and their processing of information within the organization and managers to provide information on important economic decisions making. It will be achieved, using the systems, technology and training tools that are an integral part of modern management. Also; accurate, related, and on-time information are second most important factors in this regard. The purpose of this survey research was to study the role of Management Information System (MIS) in increasing human resource productivity. Statistical population included all 462 personnel in upper, middle and lower level of the organization under the study. Sample population by use of Morgan Table was 210, selected by random sampling. Instrument for data gathering was designed by researcher based on the six characteristics of information introduced. Data collected was analyzed by use of descriptive methods, central tendency measures, and T test. The study revealed that related information and cost-effectiveness of information were two most important factors associated with the productivity of human resources. The study has suggested the benefits of using on-the-job-trainings, management support of IMS distribution of information through networking.
Keywords: Information Management System, Human Resources, Productivity, Training


Evaluation of Entrepreneurship among PNU Academic Managers in Tehran Province

Original Research, C15

Ekrami M. and Farajpour A.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 3(3): 195-204, 2013

ABSTRACT: The current study is intended to enhance entrepreneurship among the academic directors of Payam-E-Noor University (PNU) in Tehran Province and in order to offer the needed recommendations to top managers for election and appointment of efficient and entrepreneur managers. This investigation comprises of three questions (To what extent is managers’ entrepreneurship effective? What is the hierarchy of 14- variables of managers’ entrepreneurship in the community? Does entrepreneurship relate to individual characteristics of the managers?). To measure entrepreneurial variables, a self- evaluation inventory, which has been prepared and published by “Western Economic Diversification of Canada (WD)”, was adopted and therefore it has adequately valid. Reliability of researching tool was estimated by means of Cronbach Alpha Coefficient at level of 0.8464. In this study, descriptive semi- empirical survey and correlation have been employed as methodology. Statistical sample of this study includes 61 participants from PNU academic directors at Tehran Province, who were elected typically, and questionnaire was distributed among them. Study findings indicated that among managers of PNU University, as an absolute concept (TOT), entrepreneurship has been reported together with some variables including motive for growth and achievement, energetic (energy leadership), persistence and perseverance, interior control, social skills, adaptation, creativity and innovation, attempt for achievement (success), insight, self- confidence, determination in decision- making, and fluidity (flexibility) greater than average level and higher, variable opportunism at average level, and variable independence lower than average level and weak. Hierarchy of managers’ entrepreneurial variables in the studied population is as follows: 1- Energy leadership, 2- Persistence and perseverance, 3- Growth and achievement motive, 4- Fluidity, 5- Insight, 6- Interior control, 7- Social skills, 8- Determination in decision- making, 9- Adaptation, 10- Attempt for success, 11- Self-confidence, 12- Creativity and innovation, 13- Opportunism, and 14- Independence. The minor results came from this study showed that there was no significant relationship among gender (sex), education, employment status and technique, and executive position of managers’ entrepreneurship.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Energy Leadership, Persistence and Perseverance


The Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Personality Features with Job Satisfaction Status of Male Junior High School Teachers in Islamshahr City

Original Research, C16

Hazrati E. Zabihi Z. and Mehdizadeh A.H.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 3(3): 205-214, 2013

ABSTRACT: The present researchwas conducted to determine the relationship between the Emotional Intelligence and Personality Features with the Islamshahr boy junior high school teachers’ job satisfaction. The statistical population of the current study included all teachers of boy junior high schools from Training and Education Organization at Islamshahr City in academic year 2011-12. 140 participants, who had been elected through multistage cluster sampling technique, were involved in the given research. The research measurement tools comprised of Bradberry and Greaves’ Intelligence Questionnaire including four components (self- consciousness, self- management, social awareness, and relation management), NEO Personality Inventory with five components (psychoneurosis/ neuroticism, extraversion, openness (to experience), agreeableness, and conscientiousness), and Herzberg’s Job Satisfaction Questionnaire with two components (hygienic factors and motivational factors). Through conducting Pearson’s correlation test and Regev seven multiple models, results of the statistical analysis showed that there is a significant relationship between three emotional intelligence and personality features with job satisfaction variables. Also, some components of emotional intelligence and personality features can predict the job satisfaction and its components.
Keywords: Emotional Intelligence, Personality Features, Job Satisfaction, Teachers, Junior High School


The Impact of Pre-Competition Anger on Self-Confidence and Success of Volleyball Players in Premier League and its Relation with Athletes’ Experience

Original Research, C17

Gezelsofloo H. Parsian H. Choorli A. and Feizi M.R.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 3(3): 215-220, 2013

ABSTRACT: This study is intended to examine the impact of pre- competition anger on self- confidence and success of volleyball players in Premier League and its relation with experience of athletes. Statistical population in this investigation includes all (15) present teams in Iranian Volleyball Premier League (2009-10) among of which some volleyball players (n=118) were elected randomly in hand as statistical sample for this study. In order to evaluate rate of anger among sample group, Spielberger State- Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI)  was adopted in which the subscales of Emotional States of anger (chronic anxiety), State Anger (anxiety), and Trait Anger (Expression of Anger) are evaluated in 4- value LIKERT Scale and Villay Sport Self- Confidence Questionnaire (1986) was utilized to assess athletes’ self- confidence. With respect to team’s status in table of competitions, rate of volleyball players’ success was evaluated at the end of the given league season. To analyze data after adoption of Kolmogorov- Smirnov Test and making sure from data normal distribution (p>0.05), Multiple Analysis of Variance (MANOVA Test, Tukey Post Hoc Test, and Pearson’s Correlation Test were used for data analysis at significance level (p≤ 0.05). The result of study indicated that there is significant difference in acute anxiety subscale between top- lower rank teams with middle- lower rank teams (p≤0.05; F=3.48). Similarly, a significant difference was observed among all three team ranks in subscales of chronic anxiety (p≤0.05; F=2.62) and expression of anger/ Trait Anger (p≤0.05; F=4.06). But no significant difference was seen in subscale of self- confidence between top- middle ranks with middle- lower ranks in these teams (p≤0.05; F=2.51).  
Keywords: Anger, Self-confidence, Success, Volleyball player


A Review on the Relation between Systematic Risk and Stock Return Regarding Those Companies Enlisted in Tehran Stock Exchange through Evaluation of Downside Capital Asset Pricing Model (DCAPM) in Different Time Series

Original Research, C18

Boromand E. Vakilifard H. Talebnia GH. and Behzadi R.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 3(3): 221-223, 2013

ABSTRACT: Present research aims at investigating the relation between risk and stock return through evaluation of downside capital asset pricing model (DCAPM) in different time series. The method used, was Correlation and the statistical populations were all of the companies listed in Tehran Stock Exchange on condition that, be enlisted by the end of March 20, 2006; their fiscal year to be ended by the end of aforementioned date; no interruption of more than 6 months would be made in their stock transactions during the research period; necessary information would be available; and not to be of investment, financial intermediary or holding nature. In order to analyze the data, Pearson correlation coefficient was used. The results were indicative of positive and significant relation between historical and future risk of individual stocks and portfolio related to those companies active in Tehran Stock Exchange, during different time scales (excluding time periods 2-4).
Systematic Risk, Stock Return, DCAPM, Time series, Tehran stock exchange


A Bullying and Victimization: Prevalence and Gender Differences in a Sample of Iranian Middle School Students

Original Research, C19

Khezri, H. Ebrahimi Ghavam, S. Mofidi, F. Delavar, A.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 3(3): 224-229, 2013

ABSTRACT: The main objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of bullying / victimization and gender differences in the study sample. For this purpose 564 students from middle school were selected by cluster random sampling and they completed demographic questionnaire, and Illinois Bullying Scale. Results showed that overall, 79.6% of pupils in some way - from mild to severe - are involved in bullying and about 81% are bullied as victims. In addition, 88% of students were categorized as bully/victims. Findings also showed that 85% of boys and 72% of girls somehow - from mild to severe - to have attempted bullying. Approximately, 87% of boys and 73% of girls are victims of bullying. In addition, 92% of boys and 84% of girls were identified as bully/victims. Finally, using independent t-test revealed that that in bullying and victimization is significant difference between boys and girls,   in the level of 0.001. Thus, it was found that boys, more than girls, to bully others. And more boys than girls are being bullied or are bullying victims.
Bullying, Victimization, Prevalence, Gender Differences


The Study of the Relationship between the Corporate Governance and Conservatism in Financial Reporting in Cement Companies in Tehran Stock Exchange

Original Research, C20

Sharifi, R. Taleb Beydokhti A. and Masroor Gh.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 3(3): 230-234, 2013

ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the relationship between the corporate governance and the accounting conservatism criterions amongst active cement companies in Tehran stock exchange center. Accounting conservatism index is taken as the dependent variable and the corporate governance indexes are considered to be the independent variables in this study. The corporate governance indexes used in this study are ownership concentration, institutional shareholders ownership, independency of the board of directors, and the auditor’s type which their relationship with the dependent variable is examined based on four different hypotheses. Basu adjusted model (1997) introduced by Khan and Watts (2007) has been used to measure the accounting conservatism. To examine the research hypotheses and the relationship of the variables, relevant data of 31 active cement companies in Tehran stock exchange center in course of 2006-2011 as the statistical population were used and analyzed as a mixed data analysis using a multi-variable regression. Chav and Hassman tests were used to estimate the appropriate models of the hypothesis for the mixed data. The results confirmed the first hypothesis and rejected the second, third and the fourth hypotheses. In other words, the results proved a meaningful positive relationship between the ownership concentration and the accounting conservatism and no meaningful relationship between the institutional ownership, the independency of the board of directors and the auditor’s type and the accounting conservatism.
Corporate governance, Accounting conservatism, Stock exchange center


Studying the Effect of Exchange Rate Fluctuations (USD) on Stock Returns of the Manufacturing Companies listed in Tehran Stock Exchange

Original Research, C21

Nasiri, M. Khodadai D. and Ranjbar M.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 3(3): 235-238, 2013

ABSTRACT: Given intense fluctuations of Iran currency value (Rial) in recent years, we decided to study the effect of exchange rate fluctuations (USD) on stock returns of Iranian manufacturing companies. In this regard, the sample was selected from manufacturing companies listed in Tehran Stock Exchange from which 123 companies were selected. This study was conducted in three time intervals: no time interval, 12 weeks interval, 24 weeks interval. Based on the results of statistical tests of exchange rate fluctuations, 34% of changes in stock price returns were shown in the case of no time interval, 44% of changes in stock price returns were shown in the case of 12 weeks interval and 29% of changes in stock price returns were shown in the case of 24 weeks interval.
Exchange Currency, Stock Returns, Time Interval, Arbitrage, Exchange Rate


The Review of Relation between the Risk and the Yield of Shares in Tehran Stock Market through Linear Regression Model

Original Research, C22

Akbarian Rounizi H. Talebniya Gh and VakiliFard H.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 3(3): 239-241, 2013

ABSTRACT: The purpose of the current research is to study the relation of the risks and yields of shares in Tehran Stock market using the linear auto regression Model. The statistical population of this research is made up of some active companies in Tehran stock. The companies should not be of investing holding and intermediary type has the date March 3rd as the end of financial year and has not changed their financial year during the research time. Also the companies should have continues activity in the stock market and the comprehensive information should be available. On this basis 50 companies were selected as research statistical samples. The studied indexes in the research include price and total index and the cash yield of the companies. According to the research results the auto regression model is an appropriate model to quote the relation between the risk and the yield of the shares.
Risk, yield, Linear Regression Model, Stock


Studying the Relationship between Risk and Return on Equities in Tehran Stock Exchange Using the Volatility Model

Original Research, C23

Akbarian Rounizi H. Talebniya Gh and VakiliFard H.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 3(3): 242-245, 2013

ABSTRACT: The Purpose of this research is to study the relationship between risk and return on equities in Tehran stock exchange using the volatility model. This was a descriptive research performed using the correlation method. The cash return index growth and the industry index were used as measures which showed total return (independent variable). All present companies in Tehran stock exchange were included in the statistical population of this research, fifty of which were selected and included in the statistical sample using the conditioning method. The research data included statistics of total index, industry index, cash return index and the price, and cash return index, the 50-best companies’ index, the main board index, and the secondary board index. The results show that the volatility models make the relationships between the risk and the return on equities possible in the accepted companies in Tehran stock exchange.
Risk, Return, Tehran stock exchange, Volatility Model


An Investigation into the Adjusted Dynamic Capital Asset Pricing Model (D-CAPM) in Different Time Series Using Wavelet; a Case Study: TSE

Original Research, C24

Boromand E. Vakilifard H. and Talebnia GH.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 3(3): 246-250, 2013

ABSTRACT: This study aimed to access the Downside Capital Asset Pricing Model at different time scales with use of wavelet analysis. Transform was performed at Tehran stock exchange a surrey of all the companies on the stock exchange in the period 2006-2009 comprised. Research sample was comprised of 48 companies forum three industries pharmaceutical, food and automotive cluster sampling method was selected. Data for study during research required by the calculation of wavelet in MATLAB programming adjusted the Capital Asset Pricing Model was evaluated. The result showed most anticipated Downside Capital Asset Pricing Model (DCAPM) at 16-32 day intervals.
Downside Capital Asset Pricing Model (DCAPM), Time Scales, Wavelet Analysis, Systematic Risk


Examination of the Relationship between Transformational Leadership Style and Organizational Justice in Elementary School Principals in Bandar Abbas

Original Research, C25

Azarsetan F., Shaikhi Fini A.A. and Zainalipour H.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 3(3): 251-256, 2013

ABSTRACT: This study examined the relationship between transformational leadership style and organizational justice in elementary school principals in Bandar Abbas. It was a descriptive and correlational research. The population of the study was composed of all elementary school principals in Bandar Abbas in the academic year 2012-2013. The research sample included 303 people who were selected by the simple random sampling method. Data collection tools in this study were Bass & Avolio's transformational leadership questionnaire and Hoff and Moorman's organizational justice. To analyze the data collected from questionnaires and test the research hypotheses, Pearson correlation coefficient test and simple regression test were used simultaneously. The results showed that there is a significant relationship between transformational leadership and organizational justice and also between transformational leadership components and organizational justice components. The results also showed that transformational leadership and organizational justice have predictor power with each other. Finally, the results suggested that transformational leadership and organizational justice as efficient components can contribute to training management.
Organizational Justice, Transformational Leadership Style, Elementary School Principals


Anticipating Quality of Life of Working Women and Housewives Based on Power Structure, Collaboration and Family Functions

Original Research, C26

Sadeghifard, M. Zarei E. and Rafiee, N.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 3(3): 257-260, 2013

ABSTRACT: The purpose of this research is anticipating quality of life regarding power, family collaboration and family functions. To achieve this goal, we used two sample societies of working women (150) and housewives (150) and the method of regional sampling in municipality districts of Bastak County. Also, questionnaires about power structure, family functions and quality of life were utilized for gathering data. Additionally, in order to analyze data descriptively we employed mean statistics and standard deviation and for inductive analysis, hierarchal regression test and independent t were used. Finding shows that family functions, collaboration and power structure may significantly help anticipating quality of life (R2 = 0.32). Also, there is a significant difference between mentioned factors in working women and housewives (p = 0.017, t = 2.4 and p = 0.005, t = 2.84 respectively). Thus, we can claim that power structure and family functions are effective variables on life styles and women’s job highly contributes on psychological state of families.
Quality of Life, Power Structure, Family Functions, Collaboration, Working Women and Housewives.


The Role of Religion in Dominance of Iranian Culture and Customs in Arabic and Islamic Culture at the First Two Centuries of Hejira

Original Research, C27

Dorri, N.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 3(3): 261-265, 2013

ABSTRACT: One part of every nation’s culture, mores and manners derives from its beliefs and thoughts. The culture of different nations and their promotion in various subjects has a direct relation with their religion. Iranian culture was a phenomenon of the power of humanistic religions like Zoroastrianism but as a fault of clergymen at the end of Sasanian dynasty had lost its positive influence. Islam, as the most perfect divine religion did not reject the morals of previous religions. Moreover, thoughtful Iranians had a great role in various branches of science, translation and compilation and even in forming many religious sects and the growth and developing of Islamic mysticism. It leads to the great dominance of Persian language in to Arabic, especially in subjects that were related to religion like worships and prays. Arabs were influenced by Iranians by means of religion specially the cult of Shia. It is obvious that Iranians were interested in saints of Shia because it had a close relation with their historical thoughts and principle beliefs.
Religion, Earliest phase of Islam, Iran, Arabs, Islamic science