Volume 4 : Issue 4, December 2014

Table of Contents, 25 Dec 2014

Research Title/ Field

Article (Abstract)


pii: S232247701400120-4

Investigating the Relationship between Working Capital Policy and Operational Risks in Listed Companies in Tehran Stock Exchange

Original Research, D120

Sadeghi DehSahraei M, Rezaie Dolat abadi H, Mirzania Jourshari H.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 4(4): 728-737, 2014

ABSTRACT: The decision is one the basic activities of management and is the most important content of decisions on working capital. Managers according to external and internal factors, risk and return should be choose the appropriate strategy for handling and managing working the capital. In this paper, the relationship between the politics of working capital and operational risks in listed companies in Tehran stock exchange will be investigated. To measure conservative and aggressive strategy variable for working capital, the ratio of current assets to total assets and ratio of current liabilities to total assets have been used. As well, the standard deviation of return on assets, the standard deviation of return on equity, the standard deviation of Tobin q ratio and the standard deviation of sales were used as an indicator for measuring operational risk. Using panel data, the survey findings of 71 companies listed in Tehran stock exchange, for the period 2005 to 2011 indicate there is a negative and negative relationship between conservative strategy of working capital and operational risks while there is a significant and positive relationship between aggressive strategy of working capital and operational risks.
Key words: Working Capital Management, Strategy, Conservative Strategy, Aggressive Strategy, Operational Risk.


pii: S232247701400121-4

Presents a Conceptual Framework of Supervisory System for Teachers

Original Research, D121

Mosavi F.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 4(4): 738-744, 2014

ABSTRACT: This research is an attempt to study the supervision system of elementary school teachers in Kermanshah Province in order to develop a conceptual framework applying a descriptive-method. To do this, firstly 176 factors were derived through studying the literature of models and theories in Iran which resulted in 93 factors after surgery. The suggested framework includes five main categories: philosophy and objectives, theoretical principals, supervision functions, operation stages and the model's evaluation system. The statistical community of this survey includes all teachers of Kermanshah elementary schools of which 384 teachers have been selected based on multi stage grape sampling. The content of the questionnaires developed based on educators suggestions about the content and analysis of factors and necessary modifications applied. The stability of the questionnaires has been estimated by cronbach's Alpha method in a desirable value of 0.901. For evaluating the validity of the model 30 scholars have been selected. For data analysis descriptive statistics were applied. The main findings are: 1. in studying the current situation of the teachers' supervision system, the factors of class management and the school regulations had better results than other factors. In the factor of evaluation from the students learning the performance was average but in sustainable development of educational quality, teacher professional development and commitment, motivating students, determining educational and curricular objectives, teacher performance evaluation less work has been carried out. And in analysis of the factors, the factors classification has changed from seven to 13 factors. 2. Developing a suggested framework in order to study the teacher supervision including five categories of philosophy and objectives, theoretical principals, supervision functions in 13 branches, operation stages, and evaluation system. 3. The findings from validity of questionnaires from scholars indicate a 91.78% suitability ranking by the scholars which shows a high validity of the model in the eyes of the scholars.
Key words: Supervisor, Mentor, Teacher, Elementary Level, Supervision Model, Kermanshah Province


pii: S232247701400122-4

 Assessing Teachers’ Curriculum Literacy of Elementary Schools in Kermanshah City

Original Research, D122

Darabi M, Ahmadi P, Mokhtari Z.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 4(4): 745-748, 2014

ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to assess the curriculum literacy of elementary school teachers. Literacy of curriculum in this study consists of educational needs components, learning objectives, teaching methods, curriculum concepts and educational evaluation. The method of study was descriptive and population consists of the masters of primary schools of Kermanshah city. Population consisted of 811 masters in primary schools.  Population was selected by a simple random cluster sampling and based on Morgan’s table 260 people were selected. In this study the researcher made questionnaire tool (containing 20 4-options questions) was used. Data in two descriptive (frequency tables, frequency percentage, diagrams, mode and standard deviation) and inferential (T test and Analysis of variance) levels by SPSS Software were analyzed. Most important findings is that, because there is no significant difference between the theoretical mean (10.5) and the experimental mean (10.496) of respondents in literacy of curriculum in primary school, so it can be said that the knowledge of maters from curriculum is moderate. Highest mean of scores is for teachers with field of primary education and BA and history of 15 to 20 years and minimum of them are related to teachers, with a degree in disciplines not relevant to Educational Sciences and history of education aged 25 to 30 years.
Key words: Literacy Assessment, Curriculum, Elementary Teachers


pii: S232247701400123-4

Investigate the Relationship between Intellectual Capital and Tendency to Innovation among the Faculty of the Shahid Chamran and Jondi Shapour Universities of Ahvaz

Original Research, D123

Savari Pour V, Naveh Ebrahim AR, Erfani Khanghahi M.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 4(4): 749-753, 2014

ABSTRACT: This study is an applied research and in implementation of it, the descriptive - correlation method has been used. Population of the study includes 600 faculty members of Shahid Chamran and Jondi Shapour Universities of Ahvaz. The number of samples selected by stratified random sampling were selected among the community was 250 people. The tool consists of two intellectual capital measurement questionnaires by Bontis (1998) and innovation by Cools and Vanden Brook (2007). Cronbach’s alpha of each of the questionnaires for questionnaire of intellectual capital and questionnaire of innovation 0.89 and 0.81 were obtained, respectively. And Pearson's correlation coefficient was used to examine the research questions. The components of intellectual capital (human capital, structural capital, relational capital) have the ability to predict tendency to innovation of faculty members. Each of the other components of the intellectual capital (human capital, structural capital, and relational capital) includes indicators and factors in the organization that affect the innovation in the organization, so each of these components can be relate to organizational factors which directly cause to improve and enhance the level of innovation in the organization.
Key words: Intellectual Capital, Human Capital, Structural Capital, Relational Capital, Innovation


pii: S232247701400124-4

 Use of Risk Management in Accordance to Select Proper System for Supplies of Civil Projects

Original Research, D124

Zekavat M. and Momenian A.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 4(4): 754-757, 2014

ABSTRACT: The risk management is more important in the field of supply. So in this study, the risk management is explained for selecting proper system for supply of civil projects. In this research the challenges and the problems of this research that was named as risk management, are determined and they can be avoided by considering maneuvers thus the civil projects are developed with lower costs and more quality.
Key words: Project Supplies, Risk, Civil Projects, Cost, Quality


pii: S232247701400125-4

Evaluating the Relationship between Economic Value Added and Capital Structure in Companies Listed at Tehran Stock Exchange

Original Research, D125

Baybordi A, Kermani E, Farzaneh Kargar E.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 4(4): 758-762, 2014

ABSTRACT: Maximization of wealth is the major purpose of a business unit. Nowadays, economic value added is considered to be the most important criterion for evaluation of internal performance. On the other hand, as discussed in capital structure, capital is the first fundamental necessity for establishing a company and is needed for further developments. Thus, the present study aims at evaluating the relationship between economic value added and capital structure of companies listed at Tehran Stock Exchange from 2004 to 2010. The samples are chosen by the use of systematic elimination method and include 70 companies. In the present study, value added as the dependent variable is a measure used for of assessing value-making in companies. Capital structure is the independent variable comprising rate of short-term liability, rate of long-term liability, and return on equity. Thus, three hypotheses are proposed for explaining the relationship between value added and elements of capital structure. Excel and SPSS 17 are used for data analysis. Statistical methods include the correlation coefficient, determination coefficient, significant t- and f-statistics. Results of testing the hypothesis with linear regression method indicate a significant and positive relationship between economic Value Added and stock return.
Key words: Economic Value Added, Capital Structure, Rate of Return, Cost of Capital


pii: S232247701400126-4

A Study of the Relationship of Self-Regulated Learning Strategies, Self-Esteem and Personality Traits with Self-Efficacy

Original Research, D126

Golestaneh, SM.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 4(4): 763-767, 2014

ABSTRACT: Self-efficacy is an important influence on human achievement in a wide variety of settings, including education, health, sports, and work. Students’ self-efficacy, which refers to students’ beliefs about what they can do in terms of a particular task or context, has likewise been shown to influence motivational and behavioral processes. The purpose of the present research was to examine relationships of self-regulated learning strategies, self-esteem and personality traits with self-efficacy of 2nd Grade students of Bushehr’s High Schools. The relevant sample consisted of 150 students of high school and selected through a randomly sampling. The instruments used in this research consisted of Self-Efficacy Scale, Self-Regulated Learning Strategies Questionnaire, Self-Esteem Inventory and the revised NEO Personality Inventory. The results indicated that there were significant relationships between self-regulated learning strategies, self-esteem and personality traits variables with self-efficacy. Also, to determine the contribution of each of the variables was used the multiple regression analysis. The results of regression analysis showed that for predicting self-efficacy, the best predictive variables were self-regulated learning strategies, conscientiousness and agreeableness orderly. Also, from among types of self-regulated learning strategies for predicting self-efficacy, the best predictive variables were note taking, self-evaluation and goal setting orderly. Therefore, in accordance with the results, the most important variable was self-regulation learning strategy. When that students monitoring on progress and used suitable learning strategies and setting goal, in turn, influenced on self-efficacy. Also, conscientiousness trait plays important role in student’s efficacy.
Key words: Self-Efficacy, Self-Regulated Learning Strategies, Self-Esteem, Personality Traits.


pii: S232247701400127-4

Investigating the Correlation between Emotional Intelligence and Job Involvement

Original Research, D127
Moafi Madani SM, Partovi B, Moharrer A, Ghorbani R.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 4(4): 768-775, 2014

ABSTRACT: Emotional intelligence can be considered as the ability to understand and control the emotions in order to help the intellectual, decision making and communicational activities. The main purpose of this study is investigating the relation between emotional intelligence and job involvement among the staff of Islamic Azad University of Zanjan Province of Iran. For this purpose, 230 employees were randomly selected and tested. The measuring instrument is 2 questionnaires: Emotional intelligence questionnaire of Goleman (1998) and job involvement questionnaire of Kanongo (1982). Analyses with the help of software SPSS software showed that there is a meaningful correlation between variable of emotional intelligence and job involvement and based on components of emotional intelligence (self-awareness, self-management, social awareness and organizing relations) we can offer a model to predict the job involvement variable. Also the working environment meaningfully intervenes in relations of independent variables of self-awareness, self-management, social awareness, and organizing the relations with the dependent variable of job involvement, and makes them changed.
Key words: Emotional Intelligence, Self-Awareness, Self-Management, Social Awareness, Organizing The Relations, Working Environment, Job Involvement.


pii: S232247701400128-4

Impact of the Second Teacher (Teacher Contributor) On the Academic Achievement of Students in Mathematics

Original Research, D128

Asadi F.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 4(4): 776-781, 2014

ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of the second teacher (teacher contributor) and comparison with conventional techniques methods on the academic achievement of 50 students in the first grade of high school on math in the Qods city during the academic year 2013-2014. The research was performed semi-experimentally and with control and experimental groups by a pretest and post-test that after confirming the validity and reliability of the training content it has been designed and implemented. Experimental group during 8 weeks on mathematics with cooperative teacher and control group with no cooperative teachers have been trained. After this period, both groups were assessed through a post- test. Mean scores of achievement for control and experimental groups have a significant difference together that indicates teacher contributor’s effeteness on students’ achievement. Highlights of the study are include: 1. Increase academic achievement in the classroom; 2. Create confidence and more motivation for students; 3. Vitality and promotion the learning level of mathematics in students; 4. Note to all students with different learning levels; 5. Increase students' sense of responsibility; 6. Reduce academic failure.
Key words: Teacher Contributor, Academic Achievement


pii: S232247701400129-4

Impact of Stock Market Liquidity on Firm Value

Original Research, D129
Arian O, Galdipur S, Kiamehr J.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 4(4): 782-786, 2014

ABSTRACT: This study examines the relationship between stock liquidity and market value of companies using Tobin’s Q measure. Depending on the type of data, to test the hypothesis of a correlation analysis (Pearson coefficient) and Multiple Regression are used. Final result for each hypothesis using four regression models, Suggest that there is no significant relationship between Tobin’s Q and gap between supply and demand index prices as a measure of the stock liquidity. But there are statistically significant relationship between the Turnover Volume and Tobin’s Q as independent variable. The relationship between Turnover Volume and Tobin’s Q is Direct.
Key words:
Stock Liquidity, Market Value, Gap Between Supply And Demand Index, Turnover Volume


pii: S232247701400130-4

 Relationship between Marital Satisfaction and Personality Characteristics on the basis of Myers-Briggs Inventory and Big Five Questionnaire

Original Research, D130

Shahmoradi Gh, Maleki E, Maleki T, Shahmoradi Z, Entesar Foumany Gh.H.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 4(4): 787-790, 2014

ABSTRACT: Marital satisfaction is affected by many factors specially one of the most important that affect the issue is the personality characteristics of spouses. The aim of this study was to examine relationship between Marital Satisfaction and Personality Characteristics among couples. to study the relationship between Marital Satisfaction and Personality Characteristics, 50 couples (100 people), were selected by randomized cluster sampling and completed Enrich marital Questionnaire and Myers Briggs Type Inventory and Big Five Questionnaire. From subscales of Myers Briggs Type Inventory, there was a positive correlation between extraversion and judging with marital satisfaction. From subscales of Big Five Questionnaire, there was a positive correlation between agreeableness and conscientiousness with marital satisfaction and there was a negative correlation between neuroticism and marital satisfaction. There is significant correlation between some of the personality characteristics with marital satisfaction.
Key words: Personality Characteristics, Marital Satisfaction, Couples.


pii: S232247701400131-4

A Survey on the Specialty and Value Specifications of Urban Managers on the Base of Imam Ali's View

Original Research, D131
Monadi A, Sardari R, Abed F, lafzforoushan asl D, Hajipour Haji Alilou E, Sadeghi E.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 4(4): 791-795, 2014

ABSTRACT: Surveying on the specifications of urban managers on the base of Imam Ali's management thoughts, gained from the content of letters, sermons and Nahjolbalagheh is the target of this research. To gather the information, we used the library method then the content analyze. The result of research showed that: Totally the moral and specialty specifications of urban managers were emphasized in the speeches of Imam Ali and they consist on these cases: Specialty specifications such as: knowledge and science, job experience, tact, equanimity, competence ,  discipline, good background ,to have perseverance and to avoid indolence ,to have sharp mind and strong memory,  nobility ,providence, assiduity, authority and potency, resistance against hardships, decisiveness, courage. Moral specifications and criterions: piety, hope of god rewards and fear of divine punishment, obedience to commandments and fulfillment of them, be able to self-control, to trust in God, to accomplish the duty,  lien, responsiveness to society, kindness to poor people and decisiveness to despots, generosity, to have an ideal ,to emphasize on prayer ,to learn from the foretime, not to aid despots, not to privilege to relatives, to retrench in public properties, not to be complicity in a crime, to avoid abusing the post.
Key words: Managers' specifications, Imam Ali's Thoughts, Urban Management


pii: S232247701400132-4

 The Impact of Reflective Teaching on the EFL Teachers' Performance

Original Research, D132

Fatemipour H, HosseingholiKhani F.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 4(4): 796-799, 2014

ABSTRACT: Reflective teaching is a movement in teacher education and essential type of thought that enables teachers to deliberate on their experiences and analyze their own practice. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the impact of reflective teaching on the EFL teachers' performance. Descriptive statistics (range, means, and standard deviation), and a Paired Sample t-test were conducted to answer the questions raised in the study. The participants were 120 female intermediate students, and 10 EFL teachers. The data collection instruments were two reflective teaching tools, i.e., teacher diary and students’ feedback. The study employed a quasi-experimental design which involved administering teachers' questionnaire and students' questionnaire as pretest and posttest in order to determine the effect of reflective teaching on teachers' performance. The results of the study revealed that the application of reflective teaching procedure had a significant effect on teachers' ability. Furthermore, the results showed that the teachers changed their teaching preferences and considered alternative activities, in order to improve their teaching effectiveness based on their reflection recorded through keeping diaries.
Key words: Reflection, Reflective teaching, Reflective tools, Teacher diary, Students’ feedback.


pii: S232247701400133-4

Effectiveness of Blogging as a Teaching Aid in Environmental Education Activities

Original Research, D133
Shobeiri S M, Rashidi S, Meiboudi H, Saradipour A.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 4(4): 800-806, 2014

ABSTRACT: The study aimed to compare the efficacy of the use of blogs as a teaching aid for environmental education activities for high school students was conducted. Materials and Methods: In this quasi-experimental pretest-posttest control group respectively. Ramhormoz all the high school students in the study population. Statistical sample by sample size determined by Morgan and by stratified random within each class of 88 students into four groups (two experimental groups and two control groups) of both sexes (each n = 22) were selected. The data gathering tool was a questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results from the questionnaires showed that the level of cognitive (sig>0.05), attitude (sig>0.05) and environmental behavior (sig>0.05) is the result of environmental literacy groups there is a significant difference. The learning outcomes in boys compared with girls, and this effect was statistically significant in favor of boys. The results show the effectiveness of blogging as an educational activity for a group training environment is examined.
Key words: Environmental education, Blogging, Communication.


pii: S232247701400134-4

 Structural Modeling of Individual Responsibility on Job Satisfaction: Investigating Moderating Role of Organizational Politics

Original Research, D134

Mostafanejad Ch, Hassani M, Ghasemzadeh A, Kasraie Sh.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 4(4): 807-815, 2014

ABSTRACT: The main objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between felt accountability and job satisfaction, and consider the moderating role of organizational politics. The statistical population of this study included all faculty members of Urmia University during 2012 academic year.  The results and findings of this study reveal that there exists a positive and significant relationship between accountability and job satisfaction, whereas there exists a negative significant relationship between felt accountability and perceptions of organizational politics. In addition, there is a positive significant relationship between job satisfaction and perceptions of organizational politics. Moreover, based on these findings, it can be concluded that if the individuals’ perceptions of organizational politics increase within organizations, their felt accountability will reduce.
Key words: Accountability, Faculty Members, Job Satisfaction, Organizational Politics Perceptions


pii: S232247701400135-4

Assessment of Quality of Provided Services using the SERVQUAL Model at University of Medical Sciences and Health Services of Bushehr

Original Research, D135
Rastgoo P.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 4(4): 816-822, 2014

ABSTRACT: The importance of education is as high that there is no cast of shadow in the importance of evaluation of educational performance. If universities and other educational establishments are evaluated as a comprehensive structure, then it guarantees the growth and successfulness of them. In this way, evaluation of service quality can be very useful. Hence, the present study was aimed to evaluate the quality of services provided by developing SERVQUAL model in terms of student and culture department of university of medical science and health services of Bushehr. In this regard, the statistical population consisted of students asked to receive services from student and culture department of university of medical science and health services of Bushehr, which 384 individuals were chosen as a sample using Cochran formula. Data analysis was carried out using one-sample t-test and Friedman in SPSS software. Moreover, checking the fitness of the model in LISREL software demonstrated that the quality of service was proper in the case study in all aspects except tangibles (tangible and atmosphere).
Key words: Educational Services, Service Quality, SERVQUAL Model, Educational


pii: S232247701400136-4

Study of the Psychometric Properties of Interpersonal Dependency Questionnaire and its Relationship with Social Intimacy

Original Research, D136
Gholizadeh S.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 4(4): 823-829, 2014

ABSTRACT: The present investigation was aimed to study the psychometric properties of interpersonal dependency questionnaire and its relationship with social intimacy in Islamic Azad University students of Central Tehran Branch. The method of investigation was practical in terms of objective and descriptive-correlation in terms of method of data collection. The population consisted of all students in Islamic Azad University students of Central Tehran Branch in the academic year of 2012-2013. The statistical sample of the research consisted of 300 individuals, who were chosen using stage cluster sampling method. The data collection was based on interpersonal dependency questionnaire of Hirschfield and social intimacy scale of The analysis of data obtained from the implementation of the questionnaire was carried out through SPSS software in two parts of descriptive (average, mean, variance, standard deviation) and inferential (Cronbach’s alpha, factor analysis, converting raw scores to T and Z norm scores and Pearson correlation). Using Cronbach’s alpha method, the reliability of the interpersonal dependency questionnaire for the whole test was 0.732 and the value for the sub-scales of emotional reliance on others, lack of self-confidence and lack of independency were 0.756, 0.63 and 0.637, respectively. No significant correlation was demonstrated in the study of the relationship of interpersonal dependency and its sub-scales with social intimacy. Therefore, based on the results, the interpersonal dependency questionnaire of Hirschfield had good reliability and validity in Iranian case.
Key words: Interpersonal Dependency, Social Intimacy, Psychometric Properties of Hirschfield’s Questionnaire, Normalization of Dependency scale


pii: S232247701400137-4

Relationship between Application of Empowerment Management of Principals and Create Job Motivation of Secondary Schools Employees in Hamedan Education

Original Research, D137
Sadat Ebrahimi B, Azad Yekta M, Mahdi Zadeh AH.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 4(4): 830-835, 2014

ABSTRACT: Empowering principals to flourishing educational organizations and inconsistency of individual and organizational purpose. Hence, this study attempted to emphasize national factors such as: job base, self-efficacy, autonomy emphasize on job motivation to explain and describe the subject. The study is functional and quantitative in terms of objectives and data, respectively, and in terms of methodology and the nature is correlative. Population of the research composed of all principals (n = 120) and the teachers and staff (1600) of high schools of Hamadan that based on simple random sampling of HS formulas Bula 90 principals and 370 teachers and staff were selected. Data collection tools is empowerment questionnaire was made by Shourt and Reinhardt and translated by Asghari in Persian, and is based on a Likert Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.94. Maslow's motivation questionnaire which has been standardized by Alvani for Iranian community and is with Cronbach's alpha coefficient 0.97. Data analysis were performed at two descriptive statistics (frequency, tilt and standard deviation) and inferential statistics levels (Pearson, Spearman correlation and multivariable regression) using SPSS software. Results showed that the relationship between empowerment management and staff’s physiological motivation is significant. That is, with increased empowerment management, employee’s physiological motivation is reduced. However, there is no significant relationship between empowerment management of principals and safety motivation of the staff. Well as relationship between empowerment management and providing society incentives, respect and self-actualization of employees is significant. This means that the increase in empowerment management of the principals cause to increases providing society incentives, respect and self-actualization of employees.
Key words:Management, Empowerment, Job Motivation


pii: S232247701400138-4

The Role of Jurisprudents, Traditionists and the Hamadani Companions of Imams (AS) on Hamadan Shi’ism

Original Research, D138
Eidi M.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 4(4): 836-843, 2014

ABSTRACT: State of Jebal or non-Arab Iraq enjoys a specific status in the history of Shi’ism; it includes the central and western regions of Iran. This state was in adjacency of the first and main center of Shi’ism, Kufeh; it had been inhabited by a large number of Shiites; and, Shi’ism first spread to this state from Kufeh and spread to other oriental Islamic cities. Esfahan, Aveh, Qom, Rey, Qazvin, Kermanshah, and Hamadan were its important cities. Hamedan, which is the subject of this study, is one of the important cities of Iran in early Islamic period; its neighborhood with Iraq has further contributed to its importance. The main question is that what is the role of jurisprudents and the Hamadani companions of Imams in development of Shi’ism in Hamadan. It is concluded that after attorneys of Imams, jurisprudents and scholars of Hamadan have significant role in advent and development of Shi’ism in Hamadan. This research is concerned with the first ten centuries AH and Hamadan of those times; length of Hamadan was from Si Shahr to Karaj, and its width was extended from Asadabad to Saveh.
Key words: Shi’ism, Followers, Companions, Jurisprudents, Traditionists, Hamadani, Hamadan Shia


pii: S232247701400139-4

A Study of the Adolescents’ Interested Subjects of the Books of the Libraries in Iran

Original Research, D139
Rahiminezhad V, Mohammadi Yeganeh Z.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 4(4): 844-850, 2014

ABSTRACT: The aim of this paper is to find out the interests of the adolescents, in regard to their needs, in various subjects of the books, the amount of their satisfaction towards the books which are available and those books they wish those Centers contain. This survey study is in a descriptive method. The population is the adolescents of Tehran, Iran, and the sample size is 400 adolescents randomly selected and classified. The findings indicate that the first and second interested priorities of adolescents (boys and girls) are literature with 59.2%, science with 21.3% and the third priority of boys is history, with the frequency of 7.2%, and for girls is Religion with the frequency of 9.1%.
Key words: Adolescent, Leisure Time, Interest, Satisfaction Keywords:


pii: S232247701400140-4

 Identifying the Drivers of Green Supply Chain Management in Tile Industry using Delphi Technique

Original Research, D140
RostamiFard M, Shekari H, Eslami S.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 4(4): 851-860, 2014

ABSTRACT: Supply chain management used to be widely understood as an integrated one-way manufacturing process, in which the raw material is converted to the finished product and then delivered to the customer. It merely centered on the procurement of raw material to make the final product. With increasing concern towards environmental protection, organizations have become more and more responsible for their products and overall sustainability. For companies to maintain their sustainability and competitiveness in the market, green supply chain management considers a systematic and integrated approach. The subject of green supply chain management has been increasingly discussed in recent years and has been recognized and incorporated by different industries. Tile industry is one of the Polluting industries. So the aim of this paper is determining the drivers of green supply chain management in Tile industry to put environmental activities into practice. The procedure we proposed to reach the above-stated research aim consists of conducting a Delphi study among the informed experts in Tile industry, asking them to identify the most effective drivers of green supply chain management. Forty-two measurement items are developed on the basis of the literature. Based on these items, the questionnaires were designed. The Results of two-round Delphi study showed that forty measurement items affect the GSCM in Tile industry. Finally these measurement items were ranked.
Key words: Green supply chain management, Tile industry, Environmental issues, Delphi study.


pii: S232247701400141-4

Effectiveness of Stress Management Training on Sensation Seeking, Depression and Stress among Mothers of Autistic Children

Original Research, D141
Taghizadeh Torqabeh Sh, Yaghoubi A, Hosseini SH.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 4(4): 861-865, 2014

ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to investigate effects of stress management training on sensation seeking, depression and stress in mothers of autistic children that method was done using quasi experimental method by planning pretest and posttest of control group.  Sample of this study consisted of 34 subjects that were selected by sampling available method and randomly divided into two groups including 17 people as control and experimental groups. Test groups affected by education of stress management. Data before and after training using a questionnaire of Zuckerman sensation seeking, Beck’s depression and Cohen’s stress has been collected and its internal validity using Cronbach's alpha were approved. In order to analyze the data, statistical test of covariance was used. Results of post-test of sensation seeking, depression and stress showed that training stress management influence sensation seeking, depression and stress of mothers of autistic children and cause to reduce depression and anxiety and increase the sensation seeking of mothers of autistic children.
Key words: Stress Management, Autistic Children, Sensation Seeking, Depression, Stress


pii: S232247701400142-4

Degree of Public Participation in the Affairs of Islamshahr Education in Terms of Education Professionals and Parents

 Original Research, D142
Shah Sharafi M, Reza Araghieh A.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 4(4): 866-871, 2014

ABSTRACT: The school is one of the major training and educational institutions, which requires the effective participation of the people, because participation is as a means to achieve organizational efficiency. This study aims to review the involvement of students’ parents and educators in public participation to manage the education affairs of Islamshahr city. participators in this study consist of the teacher (n = 36) and managers (n = 30) and also students’ parents (n=200) of Islamshahr city middle and high schools in the academic year 2012-2013, which were selected by cluster random sampling, and they respond to a twenty-seven questions questionnaire. Single-sample t test was used to assess parents' views that its average was higher than the average. As well the teachers and administrators comments mean were tested (t-independent) that teachers’ mean about components of community participation was higher than the average. Since cooperation and participation is a significant factor in the development of comprehensive in all fields seem this issue is not hidden from perspective of education professionals and parents and both emphasize on it. Also, due to the involvement of more professionals in the fields of education emphasis of this group is higher than of students’ parents.
Key words: Community Participation, The Education Development And Growth, Public Engagement In Education


pii: S232247701400143-4

Anxiety and Speaking English as a Second Language among Iranian English Major Students of Payame Noor University

 Original Research, D143
Amini Naghadeh Sh, Mojallal Chopoghlou MA, Karimpour Sh, Alizadeh S.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 4(4): 872-876, 2014

ABSTRACT: Despite the fact that foreign language speaking anxiety is a common phenomenon in the teaching of English as a foreign language in Iran, this study aims to investigate the relationship between anxiety and speaking English as a second language among Iranian English major students of Payame Noor University. The study was conducted on a sample of 62 male and female English major students from Payame Noor University. This study attempts to identify potential sources of anxiety relevant to the student’ affective needs or concerns in Payame Noor University through the use of foreign language classroom anxiety scale (FLCAS) questionnaire and interview. As the findings indicate, there is a significant inverse relationship between anxiety and speaking English as a second language.
Key words: Anxiety, Speaking Anxiety, Speaking English as a Second Language


pii: S232247701400144-4

The Relationship between Creativity and Iranian EFL learners’ Speaking Skill

 Original Research, D144
Karimpour Sh, Mojallal Chopoghlou MA.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 4(4): 877-884, 2014

ABSTRACT: Creativity is an ability which is present in almost everybody. Creativity is developed in the appropriate environment and manifested through creative product in some people. Creativity is the generation of imaginative new ideas, involving a radical newness innovation or solution to a problem, and a radical reformulation of problems. This study investigates the relationship between creativity and Iranian EFL learners’ speaking skill. At first, a modified version of Comprehensive English Language Test was administered to a group of 62 students to determine their homogeneity as well as to assess their language proficiency. In the next phase of the study, Arjomand creativity Questionnaire was administered to the participants. Afterwards, participants were held an interview in the classroom context. The findings suggest that there is a significant correlation between creativity and speaking skill.
Key words: Creativity; Speaking Skill, Iranian EFL Learners


pii: S232247701400145-4

The Role of Organizational Spirituality in Job Stress and Job Satisfaction in Staff of Baqiyatallah Hospital Personnel, Iran

 Original Research, D145
Sharafi MR, Hoshmandja M, Poorkhalil M.

J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 4(4): 885-890, 2014

ABSTRACT: Investigating variable such as organizational spirituality is important because paying attention to this variable enables us to exceed rival organizations in terms of performance, and satisfaction. Hence, the present research explores the relationship between organizational spirituality and employees’ job satisfaction and job stress in Baghiatallah Hospital and presents suggestions to enhance their spirituality. The present research was conducted in the Second half in 2012. With regard to objectives, this study is practical, and with regard to the method of research, it is correlational. The population of this study is all the staff of Baghiatolah Hospital (170 employees).  A sample of 118 employees was selected through available sampling. The instruments used in this study include the Organizational Spirituality Questionnaire developed by Milliman, the Job Description Questionnaire validated by Visoki and Crome, and Azad Marzabadi and Gholami Questionnaire. The reliability of these instruments were 0.87, 0.82, and 0.78 respectively. The data gathered in this study were analyzed by Pearson correlation coefficient, one-way ANOVA, and Scheffe posthoc test. The mean of organizational spirituality, job stress, and job satisfaction were 69.72, 101.32, and 101.14. The correlation coefficient between organizational spirituality and job stress was .0-531, the correlation coefficient between organizational spirituality and job satisfaction was .0343. Spirituality is the most important variables affecting the job stress that the hospital authorities should be enjoying it, mobilize maximum capacity of staff in order to improve organizational spirituality and reduce job stress. In the end, strategies to promote individual and organizational spirituality staff of hospital are presented.
Key words: Organizational Spirituality, Job Stress, Job Satisfaction, Hospital Staff